LONDON — The U.K.’s Supreme Court on Wednesday told the Scottish government it cannot hold a fresh independence referendum without the U.K. government’s consent.
Supreme Court President Lord Reed said in broadcast remarks that the Scottish Parliament did not have the power to legislate on matters reserved to the U.K. Parliament, including the union.
A referendum was held in in September 2014 in which Scotland voted to remain in the U.K. by 55% to 45%.
The Scottish National Party, which backs independence, became a major political force when it won a majority in the Scottish Parliament in the 2011 election.
In an August tweet during a campaign event in Scotland, U.K. Prime Minister Rishi Sunak wrote: “There is nothing more Conservative than our precious Union, and everything great that we have achieved we have done so as one family.”
SNP leader Nicola Sturgeon, who has served as Scotland’s first minister since November 2014, has said her party was elected on a “clear promise to give the people of Scotland the choice of independence.”
Sturgeon in 2017 gained approval from the Scottish Parliament to hold another referendum after the terms of any Brexit deal became clear, but this was blocked by the then-U.K. Prime Minister Theresa May.
The SNP currently holds a majority of 64 out of 129 seats in the Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh, with the remaining seats split between the Scottish Conservative & Unionist, Labour, Green and Liberal Democrat parties; and holds 44 of the 650 seats at the U.K. parliament in Westminster.
Since the Brexit vote in 2016, one of its core arguments has been that Scotland voted to remain in the European Union by 62% to 38% and that it would seek to re-join the bloc as an independent country. Questions remain over issues such as trade and freedom of movement, and whether joining the euro would be a criteria of membership.
Last month, the party published an economic prospectus arguing Scotland’s economy would be “stronger and fairer” as an independent country.
Former Prime Minister Boris Johnson opposed a second independence referendum.
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